読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

医療翻訳 ~千里の道も一歩から~

医学雑誌の一部分よりメンタル系を中心にいろいろ訳しています。

双極性障害と向精神薬④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 CONCLUSIONS: The use of NPS in a young psychiatric population appears to be frequent, and probably still underestimated. Bipolar disorder shows an association with NPS use. Careful and constant …

双極性障害と向精神薬③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 RESULTS: About 8.2% of the sample declared to have used NPS at least once, and 2.2% had consumed NPS in the previous 3 months. The three psychiatric diagnoses most frequently associated with NPS…

双極性障害と向精神薬②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 METHODS: Between December 2013 and September 2015, a questionnaire was administered in 10 Italian psychiatric care facilities to a sample of 671 patients, aged 18-26 (mean age 22.24; SD 2.87). t…

双極性障害と向精神薬①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 ←小分けにしていきます。 Novel psychoactive substance consumption is more represented in bipolar disorder than in psychotic disorders: A multicenter-observational study. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Comor…

大人のADHD

ADHD in Adults This article has no abstract; the first 100 words appear below. As a child, Dr. Y often confounded her parents and teachers. She regularly brought home straight-A report cards, but the grades were accompanied by comments lik…

産後うつ病

Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is common and affects the woman, infant, and family. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and the level of functional impairment and can include social support, psychological therapy, an…

心的外傷後の睡眠障害

Sleep Disturbances in the Wake of Traumatic Events In the wake of traumatic events, subjective reports of sleep disturbance are common. This review article examines both subjectively identified and objectively confirmed sleep disorders aft…

強迫性障害

Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder A 33-year-old woman presents with a seven-year history of hand washing for two to six hours a day, as well as urges to check doors and stoves extensively before leaving her home. Her life is restricted, and he…

パニック障害

Panic Disorder A 30-year-old woman, recently divorced, presents with daily episodes of chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating, and palpitations. She feels very anxious when these episodes occur and worries about having a heart attack. S…

全般性不安障害

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Persistent anxiety and uncontrollable worry for at least 6 months characterize generalized anxiety disorder. First-line treatments are cognitive behavioral therapy or pharmacotherapy with a selective serotonin-…

うつ病の電気痙攣療法

Electroconvulsive Therapy for Depression An 82-year-old woman with severe depression, including psychotic symptoms, is referred for consideration of electroconvulsive therapy. She has had four episodes of major depression consisting of cry…

過敏症、過眠症および身体症状

Case 16-2013 — A 12-Year-Old Girl with Irritability, Hypersomnia, and Somatic Symptoms A 12-year-old girl with a history of celiac disease, anxiety, and depression was seen in the outpatient psychiatry clinic of this hospital because of ir…

うつ病の治療においてブプレノルフィンの使用について

Use of Buprenorphine in treatment of refractory depression-A review of current literature. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Current treatment strategies for depressive disorders have limited efficacy, leaving many patients unimproved or with significan…

高齢者の大うつ病、双極性障害、統合失調症における神経認知機能の比較

Comparison of neurocognitive function in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia in later life: A cross-sectional study of euthymic or remitted, non-demented patients using the Japanese version of the Brief Assessmen…

高年齢の父親から生まれる子供の早期統合失調症との関連分析

Advanced paternal age is associated with earlier schizophrenia onset in offspring. Results from the national multicentric FACE-SZ cohort. Abstract The association between advanced paternal age (APA) and increased risk of schizophrenia (SZ)…

若年性筋緊張性ジストロフィー 1型における妄想性障害および精神病性障害

Delusional and psychotic disorders in juvenile myotonic dystrophy type-1. Abstract We investigated the clinically derived hypothesis of a relatively high incidence of delusional and psychotic disorders in adolescents with juvenile Myotonic…

成人発症精神病

Case 14-2016 — A 37-Year-Old Woman with Adult-Onset Psychosis Examination of a 37-year-old woman with adult-onset psychosis revealed weight loss, a thyroid nodule, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies. Diagnostic tests were performed. 症…

包括的失語症テストにおける言語間の適応性:課題と解決策

Cross-linguistic adaptations of The Comprehensive Aphasia Test: Challenges and solutions. Abstract Comparative research on aphasia and aphasia rehabilitation is challenged by the lack of comparable assessment tools across different languag…

注意欠陥多動性障害

Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents ADHD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or a combination of these symptoms, which compromise functioning. Management includes medications (shown…

自閉症

SHANK3, the Synapse, and Autism Variants of SHANK3, a gene encoding a structural component of the postsynaptic density, have been associated with autism. Mice engineered to carry mutant genes showed autism-like behavioral features that inc…

失語症

Case 13-2016 — A 49-Year-Old Woman with Sudden Hemiplegia and Aphasia during a Transatlantic Flight A 49-year-old woman was brought to the ED 2 hours after the onset of hemiplegia and aphasia during a transatlantic flight. Examination reve…

言語症 / 言語障害

Case 1-2017 — A 70-Year-Old Woman with Gradually Progressive Loss of Language A 70-year-old woman presented with gradually progressive aphasic impairment of word finding, object naming, and word comprehension; other areas of cognition were…

ベンゾジアゼピン依存症

Treatment of Benzodiazepine Dependence Long-term use of benzodiazepines can lead to dependence. Symptoms of withdrawal include anxiety, irritability, confusion, seizures, and sleep disorders. Withdrawal management relies on the use of a si…

神経性無食欲症

Anorexia Nervosa A 17-year-old girl is taken to her physician by worried parents. Never overweight, in the past six months she became determined to reduce from her baseline weight of 59.1 kg. Her height is 1.7 m; body-mass index, 21. Throu…

溜め込み症

Hoarding Disorder Hoarding disorder, newly included in the DSM-5, is characterized by persistent difficulty in parting with possessions, resulting in severely cluttered living spaces, distress, and impairment. First-line treatment involves…

強迫性障害

Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder Obsessive–compulsive disorder is a common, disabling psychiatric disorder. First-line therapies include exposure and response prevention, which uses repeated and prolonged exposures to fear-eliciting stimuli, …

アルツハイマー病

Alzheimer's Disease This review of Alzheimer's disease assembles a variety of findings relevant to the mechanism of the disease and ties them together using the current understanding of the basis of the loss of cognition: the accumulation …

注意欠陥多動性障害

Adult Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder Short-term trials involving adults with ADHD have shown significant improvements in symptoms with stimulants and atomoxetine; however, data on long-term benefits and risks of these medications…

高齢者のうつ病

Depression in the Elderly Late-life depression (major depressive disorder in adults 60 years of age or older) is often associated with coexisting medical illness or cognitive impairment. Either pharmacotherapy (with SSRIs as the initial ch…

注意欠陥障害

Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents ADHD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or a combination of these symptoms, which compromise functioning. Management includes medications (shown…

成人発症精神疾患

Case 14-2016 — A 37-Year-Old Woman with Adult-Onset Psychosis Examination of a 37-year-old woman with adult-onset psychosis revealed weight loss, a thyroid nodule, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies. Diagnostic tests were performed. 症…

閉経後の骨粗鬆症

Postmenopausal Osteoporosis Management of postmenopausal osteoporosis includes nonpharmacologic treatment (e.g., weightbearing exercise and fall-prevention strategies) and pharmacologic treatment. Bisphosphonates are considered first-line …

双極性障害

Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder, one of the most distinct syndromes in psychiatry, has been described in numerous cultures throughout history. The unique hallmark of the illness is mania, which is characterized by elevated mood or euphor…

左利きを考察する

Thinking laterally Left-handedness has long been a topic of public fascination and folklore, a behavioural curiosity that has been linked to almost every trait imaginable. To some, left-handedness is an indicator of genius; one might cite …

肥満と双極性障害との潜在的関連性:メタ分析

The potential association between obesity and bipolar disorder: A meta-analysis. Abstract BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies have found that the prevalence of bipolar disorder (BD) is significantly higher in obese population than …

境界性パーソナリティ障害

Borderline Personality Disorder This article reviews the characteristic features of borderline personality disorder, evidence to indicate genetic and environmental factors in pathogenesis, and effective treatment strategies. 境界性パーソナ…

双極性うつ病の治療

Treatment of Bipolar Depression This article has no abstract; the first 100 words appear below. Bipolar disorder consists of depressive episodes of low mood, difficulty in concentration and work, poor sleep, and poor appetite, as well as d…

肥満の機序、病態生理学および管理

Mechanisms, Pathophysiology, and Management of Obesity Obesity is prevalent in the U.S. population and contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. Treatments include behavioral therapy, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Som…

重篤な精神疾患のリスク ― 気分障害や統合失調症の患者の子供達をスクリーニングする

At Risk for Serious Mental Illness — Screening Children of Patients with Mood Disorders or Schizophrenia The lack of attention paid to the millions of children born to a parent with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or recurrent major depre…