医学雑誌より主にメンタル系を部分的に訳しています

神経性食思不振症、神経性大食症、および過食性障害のDSM-5重症度指数の有効性④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28623853 DISCUSSION: Results demonstrated limited support for the validity of DSM-5 severity specifiers. Future research is warranted to explore additional validators and possible alternative indicators …

神経性食思不振症、神経性大食症、および過食性障害のDSM-5重症度指数の有効性③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28623853 RESULTS: Severity categories did not differ in baseline validators, though the mild AN group evidenced greater ED symptoms compared to the severe group. In BN, greater severity was related to gr…

神経性食思不振症、神経性大食症、および過食性障害のDSM-5重症度指数の有効性②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28623853 METHOD: Adults with AN (n = 109), BN (n = 76), and BED (n = 216) were identified from previous datasets. Concurrent validity was assessed by measures of ED psychopathology, depression, anxiety, …

神経性食思不振症、神経性大食症、および過食性障害のDSM-5重症度指数の有効性①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28623853←小分けにしていきます。 The validity of DSM-5 severity specifiers for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Abstract OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e…

思春期の少女における臨床生理学の特徴と無力症障害の治療③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28617383 RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The high level of anxiety resulted in the development of autonomic symptoms and cephalgia. The EEG study showed that women with neurasthenia were characterized by lower a…

思春期の少女における臨床生理学の特徴と無力症障害の治療②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28617383 MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-five women, aged 14-17 years, who were diagnosed with neurasthenia (ICD-10 F.48.0), were examined. Conventional neurological examination, a 10-point Visual Analogue…

思春期の少女における臨床生理学の特徴と無力症障害の治療①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28617383←小分けにしていきます。 Сlinical and physiological characteristics and therapy asthenic disorders in adolescents girls Abstract AIM: To study clinical and psychophysiological characteristics of a…

早期発症強迫性障害のヒト白血球抗原クラスII遺伝子④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28562177 CONCLUSIONS: Taking into account the role of HLA class II genes in the central nervous system, the results presented here support a role of the immune system in the pathophysiological model of O…

早期発症強迫性障害のヒト白血球抗原クラスII遺伝子③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28562177 RESULTS: None of the 39 alleles identified (allele frequency >1%) showed significant differences between OCD and reference populations. Pooling the different alleles that comprised HLA-DR4 (incl…

早期発症強迫性障害のヒト白血球抗原クラスII遺伝子②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28562177 METHODS: The present study explores the allele variability in HLA genes of class II (HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQB1) in a sample of 144 early-onset OCD compared with reference samples of general population …

早期発症強迫性障害のヒト白血球抗原クラスII遺伝子①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28562177←小分けにしていきます。 Human-leukocyte antigen class II genes in early-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder. Abstract OBJECTIVE: The exact aetiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is unkn…

双極性障害の自己管理におけるオンラインとモバイル技術④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28594196 CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Both eHealth and mHealth programs present a wide range of self-management strategies for bipolar disorder, although individuals seeking comprehensive i…

双極性障害の自己管理におけるオンラインとモバイル技術③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28594196 RESULTS: From 1,654 publications, 15 papers were identified for inclusion. From these, 9 eHealth programs and 2 mHealth programs were identified. The most commonly supported self-management stra…

双極性障害の自己管理におけるオンラインとモバイル技術②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28594196 METHOD: Based on 3 previous studies, 7 categories of self-management strategies related to bipolar disorder were identified, followed by a systematic literature review to identify existing eHeal…

双極性障害の自己管理におけるオンラインとモバイル技術①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28594196 ←小分けにしていきます。 Online and Mobile Technologies for Self-Management in Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Internet (eHealth) and smartphone-based (mHealth) approac…

双極性障害でQT延長症候群をもつ青年の治療④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28559636 CONCLUSIONS: LQTS is a serious health issue for children and adolescents diagnosed with BD. This condition should be kept in mind especially in cases where familial risk factors are present and …

双極性障害でQT延長症候群をもつ青年の治療③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28559636 RESULTS: The case met criteria for Bipolar Disorder Type I (BD-I). She had improvement in her mood symptoms with treatment regimen as risperidone 3 mg/day, valproate 1000 mg/day and lorazepam 1 …

双極性障害でQT延長症候群をもつ青年の治療②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28559636 METHODS: Psychiatric assessment of the case that applied to our child psychiatry unit due to manic symptoms were carried out by using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th ed…

双極性障害でQT延長症候群をもつ青年の治療①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28559636 ←小分けにしていきます Treating an Adolescent with Long QT Syndrome for Bipolar Disorder: A Case Presentation. Abstract OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudd…

リチウムの毒性

Do not treat the numbers: lithium toxicity. Abstract We describe the case of a 62-year-old man with a history of bipolar disorder, previously stable on lithium for over 20 years, who presented with a manic relapse and signs of lithium toxi…

双極性障害

Bipolar disorder: Making the Dx, selecting the right Rx. Abstract A 23-year-old woman seeks medical attention at the request of her boyfriend because she's been "miserable" for 3 weeks. In the examination room, she slouches in the chair an…

コロンビアの双極性障害患者において炭酸リチウム使用の概要⑤

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28527265 CONCLUSION: Lithium was generally used at recommended doses and intervals, but a significant percentage of patients received lower doses than those recommended, and it was not possible to compar…

コロンビアの双極性障害患者において炭酸リチウム使用の概要④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28527265 RESULTS: The 331 patients had an average age of 44.5 ± 13.9 years; 59.2% were women. The mean dose of lithium was 898 ± 294 mg/day; 22% received doses lower than recommended, and patients had re…

コロンビアの双極性障害患者において炭酸リチウム使用の概要③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28527265 MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational retrospective cohort study between January 1 and December 31, 2013, which included patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder treated with…

コロンビアの双極性障害患者において炭酸リチウム使用の概要②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28527265 OBJECTIVE: To define lithium therapeutic profile and adverse reactions to its use in patients with bipolar affective disorder in Colombia. To be continued 目的: リチウム治療法の概要と副作用を定…

コロンビアの双極性障害患者において炭酸リチウム使用の概要①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28527265 ←小分けにしていきます。 Profile of lithium carbonate use in patients with bipolar disorder in Colombia Abstract INTRODUCTION: Lithium is the drug of choice for the treatment of bipolar affective…

双極性障害と物質使用障害④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28490234 CONCLUSIONS: Some facets of impulsivity are a core trait of BD and are partially independent from the presence of SUD. Motor impulsiveness may be distinctive of BD+SUD. More research is needed t…

双極性障害と物質使用障害③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28490234 RESULTS: BD displayed increased BIS, BIS/BAS scores, reduced performance on the Cambridge Gambling and Rapid Visual Processing, and Affective Go/No-Go tasks compared to HC. Comparisons between B…

双極性障害と物質使用障害②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28490234 METHODS: 93 adults with BD with comorbid SUD, 91 BD without SUD, and 93 healthy controls (HC) were administered the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), the Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Activati…

双極性障害と物質使用障害①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28490234 ←小分けにしていきます。 Are self-rated and behavioural measures of impulsivity in bipolar disorder mainly related to comorbid substance use problems? Abstract INTRODUCTION: Impulsivity is a mult…

双極性障害と向精神薬④

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 CONCLUSIONS: The use of NPS in a young psychiatric population appears to be frequent, and probably still underestimated. Bipolar disorder shows an association with NPS use. Careful and constant …

双極性障害と向精神薬③

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 RESULTS: About 8.2% of the sample declared to have used NPS at least once, and 2.2% had consumed NPS in the previous 3 months. The three psychiatric diagnoses most frequently associated with NPS…

双極性障害と向精神薬②

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 METHODS: Between December 2013 and September 2015, a questionnaire was administered in 10 Italian psychiatric care facilities to a sample of 671 patients, aged 18-26 (mean age 22.24; SD 2.87). t…

双極性障害と向精神薬①

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28517032 ←小分けにしていきます。 Novel psychoactive substance consumption is more represented in bipolar disorder than in psychotic disorders: A multicenter-observational study. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Comor…

大人のADHD

ADHD in Adults This article has no abstract; the first 100 words appear below. As a child, Dr. Y often confounded her parents and teachers. She regularly brought home straight-A report cards, but the grades were accompanied by comments lik…

産後うつ病

Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is common and affects the woman, infant, and family. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and the level of functional impairment and can include social support, psychological therapy, an…

心的外傷後の睡眠障害

Sleep Disturbances in the Wake of Traumatic Events In the wake of traumatic events, subjective reports of sleep disturbance are common. This review article examines both subjectively identified and objectively confirmed sleep disorders aft…

強迫性障害

Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder A 33-year-old woman presents with a seven-year history of hand washing for two to six hours a day, as well as urges to check doors and stoves extensively before leaving her home. Her life is restricted, and he…

パニック障害

Panic Disorder A 30-year-old woman, recently divorced, presents with daily episodes of chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating, and palpitations. She feels very anxious when these episodes occur and worries about having a heart attack. S…

全般性不安障害

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Persistent anxiety and uncontrollable worry for at least 6 months characterize generalized anxiety disorder. First-line treatments are cognitive behavioral therapy or pharmacotherapy with a selective serotonin-…

うつ病の電気痙攣療法

Electroconvulsive Therapy for Depression An 82-year-old woman with severe depression, including psychotic symptoms, is referred for consideration of electroconvulsive therapy. She has had four episodes of major depression consisting of cry…

過敏症、過眠症および身体症状

Case 16-2013 — A 12-Year-Old Girl with Irritability, Hypersomnia, and Somatic Symptoms A 12-year-old girl with a history of celiac disease, anxiety, and depression was seen in the outpatient psychiatry clinic of this hospital because of ir…

うつ病の治療においてブプレノルフィンの使用について

Use of Buprenorphine in treatment of refractory depression-A review of current literature. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Current treatment strategies for depressive disorders have limited efficacy, leaving many patients unimproved or with significan…

高齢者の大うつ病、双極性障害、統合失調症における神経認知機能の比較

Comparison of neurocognitive function in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia in later life: A cross-sectional study of euthymic or remitted, non-demented patients using the Japanese version of the Brief Assessmen…

高年齢の父親から生まれる子供の早期統合失調症との関連分析

Advanced paternal age is associated with earlier schizophrenia onset in offspring. Results from the national multicentric FACE-SZ cohort. Abstract The association between advanced paternal age (APA) and increased risk of schizophrenia (SZ)…

若年性筋緊張性ジストロフィー 1型における妄想性障害および精神病性障害

Delusional and psychotic disorders in juvenile myotonic dystrophy type-1. Abstract We investigated the clinically derived hypothesis of a relatively high incidence of delusional and psychotic disorders in adolescents with juvenile Myotonic…

成人発症精神病

Case 14-2016 — A 37-Year-Old Woman with Adult-Onset Psychosis Examination of a 37-year-old woman with adult-onset psychosis revealed weight loss, a thyroid nodule, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies. Diagnostic tests were performed. 症…

包括的失語症テストにおける言語間の適応性:課題と解決策

Cross-linguistic adaptations of The Comprehensive Aphasia Test: Challenges and solutions. Abstract Comparative research on aphasia and aphasia rehabilitation is challenged by the lack of comparable assessment tools across different languag…

注意欠陥多動性障害

Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents ADHD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or a combination of these symptoms, which compromise functioning. Management includes medications (shown…

自閉症

SHANK3, the Synapse, and Autism Variants of SHANK3, a gene encoding a structural component of the postsynaptic density, have been associated with autism. Mice engineered to carry mutant genes showed autism-like behavioral features that inc…