医学雑誌より主にメンタル系を部分的に訳しています

失語症

Case 13-2016 — A 49-Year-Old Woman with Sudden Hemiplegia and Aphasia during a Transatlantic Flight A 49-year-old woman was brought to the ED 2 hours after the onset of hemiplegia and aphasia during a transatlantic flight. Examination reve…

言語症 / 言語障害

Case 1-2017 — A 70-Year-Old Woman with Gradually Progressive Loss of Language A 70-year-old woman presented with gradually progressive aphasic impairment of word finding, object naming, and word comprehension; other areas of cognition were…

ベンゾジアゼピン依存症

Treatment of Benzodiazepine Dependence Long-term use of benzodiazepines can lead to dependence. Symptoms of withdrawal include anxiety, irritability, confusion, seizures, and sleep disorders. Withdrawal management relies on the use of a si…

神経性無食欲症

Anorexia Nervosa A 17-year-old girl is taken to her physician by worried parents. Never overweight, in the past six months she became determined to reduce from her baseline weight of 59.1 kg. Her height is 1.7 m; body-mass index, 21. Throu…

溜め込み症

Hoarding Disorder Hoarding disorder, newly included in the DSM-5, is characterized by persistent difficulty in parting with possessions, resulting in severely cluttered living spaces, distress, and impairment. First-line treatment involves…

強迫性障害

Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder Obsessive–compulsive disorder is a common, disabling psychiatric disorder. First-line therapies include exposure and response prevention, which uses repeated and prolonged exposures to fear-eliciting stimuli, …

アルツハイマー病

Alzheimer's Disease This review of Alzheimer's disease assembles a variety of findings relevant to the mechanism of the disease and ties them together using the current understanding of the basis of the loss of cognition: the accumulation …

注意欠陥多動性障害

Adult Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder Short-term trials involving adults with ADHD have shown significant improvements in symptoms with stimulants and atomoxetine; however, data on long-term benefits and risks of these medications…

高齢者のうつ病

Depression in the Elderly Late-life depression (major depressive disorder in adults 60 years of age or older) is often associated with coexisting medical illness or cognitive impairment. Either pharmacotherapy (with SSRIs as the initial ch…

注意欠陥障害

Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents ADHD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or a combination of these symptoms, which compromise functioning. Management includes medications (shown…

成人発症精神疾患

Case 14-2016 — A 37-Year-Old Woman with Adult-Onset Psychosis Examination of a 37-year-old woman with adult-onset psychosis revealed weight loss, a thyroid nodule, anemia, and micronutrient deficiencies. Diagnostic tests were performed. 症…

閉経後の骨粗鬆症

Postmenopausal Osteoporosis Management of postmenopausal osteoporosis includes nonpharmacologic treatment (e.g., weightbearing exercise and fall-prevention strategies) and pharmacologic treatment. Bisphosphonates are considered first-line …

双極性障害

Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder, one of the most distinct syndromes in psychiatry, has been described in numerous cultures throughout history. The unique hallmark of the illness is mania, which is characterized by elevated mood or euphor…

左利きを考察する

Thinking laterally Left-handedness has long been a topic of public fascination and folklore, a behavioural curiosity that has been linked to almost every trait imaginable. To some, left-handedness is an indicator of genius; one might cite …

肥満と双極性障害との潜在的関連性:メタ分析

The potential association between obesity and bipolar disorder: A meta-analysis. Abstract BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies have found that the prevalence of bipolar disorder (BD) is significantly higher in obese population than …

境界性パーソナリティ障害

Borderline Personality Disorder This article reviews the characteristic features of borderline personality disorder, evidence to indicate genetic and environmental factors in pathogenesis, and effective treatment strategies. 境界性パーソナ…

双極性うつ病の治療

Treatment of Bipolar Depression This article has no abstract; the first 100 words appear below. Bipolar disorder consists of depressive episodes of low mood, difficulty in concentration and work, poor sleep, and poor appetite, as well as d…

肥満の機序、病態生理学および管理

Mechanisms, Pathophysiology, and Management of Obesity Obesity is prevalent in the U.S. population and contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. Treatments include behavioral therapy, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Som…

重篤な精神疾患のリスク ― 気分障害や統合失調症の患者の子供達をスクリーニングする

At Risk for Serious Mental Illness — Screening Children of Patients with Mood Disorders or Schizophrenia The lack of attention paid to the millions of children born to a parent with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or recurrent major depre…